Creators: Gen Urobuchi (writer), Naoyoshi Shiotani (director)
Premise: In a near-future dystopian Japan, a massive super-computer system tracks the psychological state of every citizen. When a citizen's crime coefficient gets high enough, he is labeled a "latent criminal" and is brought in for treatment. If the citizen's coefficient goes too high (typically just before, during or after commission of a major crime), he is executed on the spot. The agents of the Public Safety Bureau (PSB) are responsible for tracking down latent and full-blown criminals. The story combines action and adventure with some rather high-brow philosophical and political references: Jeremy Bentham (whose panopticon is used as a metaphor for the super-computer system), Max Weber, Blaise Pascal, Michel Foucault, and others.
The theme song is "Out of Control" by Nothing's Carved in Stone
Other Details: According to the creators, the series was influenced by L.A. Confidential, Minority Report, Gattaca, Brazil and Blade Runner (Wikipedia).